Golang : How to run your code only once with sync.Once object



Tags : golang sync-once strings-newreader configuration-data

Problem :

You have a function that will load a resource such as reading configuration data from an external file as part of the initialization process. However, each time when the main program calls the function, it will read the configuration data again and again.

How to ensure that certain part of the function only execute once only? Load once instead of reading the configuration data again and again?

Solution :

Use the sync.Once object. Below is an example that demonstrates how sync.Once object can be used to wrap some part of the code inside a function to only execute once.


 package main

 import (
  "fmt"
  "strings"
  "sync"
 )

 var configurationFile = "configuration_data = x"

 var onlyOnce sync.Once

 var config strings.Reader

 func main() {
  getData()
  go getData()
  go getData()
  getData()

  // keep running until user press Control-C
  for {
  }
 }

 //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 func getData() {

  // we only want to load the configuration once

  onlyOnce.Do(func() {
 fmt.Println("Load run-time configuration first and the only time. ")
 config = *strings.NewReader(configurationFile)
  })

  fmt.Println(config)
 }

Output:

2019/06/18 10:00:00 Load run-time configuration first and the only time.

2019/06/18 10:00:00 {configuration_data = x 0 -1}

2019/06/18 10:00:00 {configuration_data = x 0 -1}

2019/06/18 10:00:00 {configuration_data = x 0 -1}

2019/06/18 10:00:00 {configuration_data = x 0 -1}

Happy coding!

References :

https://golang.org/pkg/sync/#Once

https://www.socketloop.com/references/golang-strings-newreader-function-example

  See also : Golang : A program that contain another program and executes it during run-time



Tags : golang sync-once strings-newreader configuration-data

By Adam Ng(黃武俊)

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