Golang : Convert integer to binary, octal, hexadecimal and back to integer



Tags : golang hexadecimal binary octal integer

Converting integers to binary, octal and hexadecimal is fairly common in programming life. Ported these simple functions from Python to convert integer to binary, octal and hexadecimal. Hope these functions can be useful to you.

Here you go!

 package main

  import (
 "fmt"
 "strconv"
  )

  func bin(i int, prefix bool) string {
 i64 := int64(i)

 if prefix {
 return "0b" + strconv.FormatInt(i64, 2) // base 2 for binary
 } else {
 return strconv.FormatInt(i64, 2) // base 2 for binary
 }
  }

  func bin2int(binStr string) int {

 // base 2 for binary
 result, _ := strconv.ParseInt(binStr, 2, 64)
 return int(result)
  }

  func oct(i int, prefix bool) string {
 i64 := int64(i)

 if prefix {
 return "0o" + strconv.FormatInt(i64, 8) // base 8 for octal
 } else {
 return strconv.FormatInt(i64, 8) // base 8 for octal
 }
  }

  func oct2int(octStr string) int {
 // base 8 for octal
 result, _ := strconv.ParseInt(octStr, 8, 64)
 return int(result)
  }

  func hex(i int, prefix bool) string {
 i64 := int64(i)

 if prefix {
 return "0x" + strconv.FormatInt(i64, 16) // base 16 for hexadecimal
 } else {
 return strconv.FormatInt(i64, 16) // base 16 for hexadecimal
 }
  }

  func hex2int(hexStr string) int {
 // base 16 for hexadecimal
 result, _ := strconv.ParseInt(hexStr, 16, 64)
 return int(result)
  }

  func main() {

 num := 123456789
 fmt.Println("Integer : ", num)
 fmt.Println("Binary : ", bin(num, false))
 fmt.Println("Octal : ", oct(num, true))
 fmt.Println("Hex : ", hex(num, true))

 // bin2int function does not handle the prefix
 // so set second parameter to false
 // otherwise you will get funny result

 fmt.Println("Binary to Integer : ", bin2int(bin(num, false)))
 fmt.Println("Octal to Integer : ", oct2int(oct(num, false)))
 fmt.Println("Hexadecimal to Integer : ", hex2int(hex(num, false)))

  }

Output:

Integer : 123456789

Binary : 111010110111100110100010101

Octal : 0o726746425

Hex : 0x75bcd15

Binary to Integer : 123456789

Octal to Integer : 123456789

Hexadecimal to Integer : 123456789

and if you are looking for super quick way to convert integer to binary, octal or hexadecimal variables. See this example:

 package main

 import (
 "fmt"
 )

 func main() {

 num := int64(123456789)
 bin := fmt.Sprintf("%b", num)
 fmt.Println(bin)

 oct := fmt.Sprintf("%o", num)
 fmt.Println(oct)

 hex := fmt.Sprintf("%x", num)
 fmt.Println(hex)

 }

Output:

111010110111100110100010101

726746425

75bcd15

Happy coding!

Reference:

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/9271469/golang-convert-string-which-represent-binary-number-into-int

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  See also : Golang : Convert octal value to string to deal with leading zero problem



Tags : golang hexadecimal binary octal integer

By Adam Ng

IF you gain some knowledge or the information here solved your programming problem. Please consider donating to the less fortunate or some charities that you like. Apart from donation, planting trees, volunteering or reducing your carbon footprint will be great too.


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