Golang : Compare floating-point numbers



Tags : golang float round-precision comparison

It has been a while since I need to compare two float numbers. Golang's math/big package has function to compare floating-point numbers. Bear in mind that comparing float numbers can be tricky because most floating point numbers will end up imprecise due to rounding errors. What most people will do is to ignore the imprecision if it is small enough.

So, is the a way to compare two float numbers in Golang? Yes, see this example code :

 package main

 import (
 "fmt"
 "math/big"
 )

 func main() {

 // change these value and play around
 float1 := 123.4568
 float2 := 123.45678

 // convert float to type math/big.Float
 var bigFloat1 = big.NewFloat(float1)
 var bigFloat2 = big.NewFloat(float2)

 fmt.Printf("Big Float1 : %0.5f \n", bigFloat1)
 fmt.Printf("Big Float2 : %0.5f \n", bigFloat2)

 // compare bigFloat1 to bigFloat2
 result := bigFloat1.Cmp(bigFloat2)

 // -1 if x < y
 if result < 0 {
 fmt.Println("bigFloat 1 less than bigFloat2")
 }

 // 0 if x == y
 if result == 0 {
 fmt.Println("bigFloat 1 equals to bigFloat2")
 }

 // +1 if x > y
 if result > 0 {
 fmt.Println("bigFloat 1 more than bigFloat2")
 }
 }

Output :

Big Float1 : 123.45680

Big Float2 : 123.45678

bigFloat 1 more than bigFloat2

Good to know, see http://floating-point-gui.de/errors/comparison/

Reference :

https://golang.org/pkg/math/big/#Float

  See also : Golang : Round float to precision example



Tags : golang float round-precision comparison

By Adam Ng

IF you gain some knowledge or the information here solved your programming problem. Please consider donating to the less fortunate or some charities that you like. Apart from donation, planting trees, volunteering or reducing your carbon footprint will be great too.


Advertisement