Golang : Basic authentication with .htpasswd file



Tags : golang authentication htpasswd

If you are looking to protect a web page with Basic Authentication. It can be done easily with Golang. In this tutorial, we will first explore how to implement basic authentication with username and password in the source code. Follow by sourcing the username/password from the .htpasswd file.

This code example will prompt a user for username and password before allowing access.

 package main

 import (
 "encoding/base64"
 "github.com/gorilla/mux"
 "net/http"
 "strings"
 )

 var username = []byte("hello")
 var password = []byte("password")

 func BasicAuth(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request, user, pass []byte) bool {
 s := strings.SplitN(r.Header.Get("Authorization"), " ", 2)
 if len(s) != 2 {
 return false
 }

 b, err := base64.StdEncoding.DecodeString(s[1])
 if err != nil {
 return false
 }

 pair := strings.SplitN(string(b), ":", 2)
 if len(pair) != 2 {
 return false
 }

 return pair[0] == string(user) && pair[1] == string(pass)
 }

 func Home(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
 w.Write([]byte("Hello, World!"))
 }

 func Protected(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {

 // pass from global variables
 if BasicAuth(w, r, username, password) {
 w.Write([]byte("Welcome to the Protected Page!!"))
 return
 }

 w.Header().Set("WWW-Authenticate", `Basic realm="Beware! Protected REALM! "`)
 w.WriteHeader(401)
 w.Write([]byte("401 Unauthorized\n"))
 }

 func main() {
 mx := mux.NewRouter()
 mx.HandleFunc("/", Home)
 mx.HandleFunc("/protectedpage/", Protected)

 http.ListenAndServe(":8080", mx)
 } 

run this code and point your browser to http://localhost:8080/protectedpage/. You will be prompted for the username and password, which is hello and password.

If you are looking for more secure option, you can choose to load the username and password from .htpasswd file.

Use http://www.htaccesstools.com/htpasswd-generator/ to generate a .htpasswd file. In this example, we will use username and password

Make sure the file has only 1 line.

cat .htpasswd

username:$apr1$F9tXeu9r$oairgF8rFh2oRUC4Dl9v/1

We will read the .htpasswd file with the github.com/abbot/go-http-auth package.

Run this code and point your browser to http://localhost:8080/protectedpage/. You will be prompted for the username and password, which is username and password.

 package main

 import (
 "fmt"
 auth "github.com/abbot/go-http-auth"
 "github.com/gorilla/mux"
 "net/http"
 )

 func Home(w http.ResponseWriter, r *http.Request) {
 w.Write([]byte("Hello, World!"))
 }

 func Protected(w http.ResponseWriter, r *auth.AuthenticatedRequest) {
 w.Write([]byte(fmt.Sprintf("Hello, %s!", r.Username)))
 }

 func main() {

 // read from .htpasswd file
 htpasswd := auth.HtpasswdFileProvider("./.htpasswd")
 authenticator := auth.NewBasicAuthenticator("Basic Realm", htpasswd)

 mx := mux.NewRouter()
 mx.HandleFunc("/", Home)
 mx.HandleFunc("/protectedpage/", authenticator.Wrap(Protected))

 http.ListenAndServe(":8080", mx)
 }

The outcome should be the same as the previous code, except that this time, the username and password taken from a file instead of hard coded into the source code.

References :

https://gist.github.com/jbuchbinder/5816604

https://github.com/abbot/go-http-auth

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  See also : Golang : How to implement two-factor authentication?



Tags : golang authentication htpasswd

By Adam Ng

IF you gain some knowledge or the information here solved your programming problem. Please consider donating to the less fortunate or some charities that you like. Apart from donation, planting trees, volunteering or reducing your carbon footprint will be great too.


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