Golang : Proper way to test CIDR membership of an IP 4 or 6 address example


Tags : golang CIDR ip-address contains parse-ip

Problem:

You have generated a range of IP addresses from a given Classless Inter-Domain Routing address(CIDR) address and you want to check if an IP version 4 or 6 address is within the range(membership). How to do that?

Solution:

The common solution is the use net.Contains() function to test if the IP address is part of the range of IP addresses. Trouble is... most people will happily convert the IP address from string to []byte type to feed the net.Contains() function.

Guess what. net.Contains() function will happily accept the input and report false.

Doing this will introduce hard to trace bug once the source code is compiled and shipped to production. The proper way is to convert the string input with the net.ParseIP() function before feeding the net.Contains() function.

IP 4 and IP 6 code examples :

 package main

 import (
 "fmt"
 "net"
 "os"
 )

 func main() {
 // generate a range of IP version 4 addresses from a Classless Inter-Domain Routing address
 ipAddress, ipNet, err := net.ParseCIDR("123.45.67.64/27")

 if err != nil {
 fmt.Println(err)
 os.Exit(1)
 }

 // generate a range of IPv4 addresses from the CIDR address
 var ipAddresses []string

 for ipAddress := ipAddress.Mask(ipNet.Mask); ipNet.Contains(ipAddress); inc(ipAddress) {
 //fmt.Println(ipAddress)
 ipAddresses = append(ipAddresses, ipAddress.String())
 }

 // list out the ipAddresses within range
 for key, ipAddress := range ipAddresses {
 fmt.Printf("[%v] %s\n", key, ipAddress)
 }

 //test for IP version 4 address for membership

 // WRONG WAY!!
 fmt.Println("Contains 123.45.67.69 : ", ipNet.Contains([]byte("123.45.67.69")))

 // CORRECT / PROPER WAY!
 fmt.Println("Contains 123.45.67.69 : ", ipNet.Contains(net.ParseIP("123.45.67.69")))

 }

 func inc(ip net.IP) {
 for j := len(ip) - 1; j >= 0; j-- {
 ip[j]++
 if ip[j] > 0 {
 break
 }
 }
 }

Output :

[0] 123.45.67.64

...

[31] 123.45.67.95

Contains 123.45.67.69 : false

Contains 123.45.67.69 : true

same as above, just further test on IP version 6 addresses for extra confirmation purpose.

 package main

 import (
 "fmt"
 "net"
 "os"
 )

 func main() {
 // generate a range of IP version 6 addresses from a Classless Inter-Domain Routing address
 ip6Address, ipNet, err := net.ParseCIDR("12:3456:78:90ab:cd:ef01:23:30/125")

 if err != nil {
 fmt.Println(err)
 os.Exit(1)
 }

 // generate a range of IPv6 addresses from the CIDR address
 var ip6Addresses []string

 for ip6Address := ip6Address.Mask(ipNet.Mask); ipNet.Contains(ip6Address); inc(ip6Address) {
 ip6Addresses = append(ip6Addresses, ip6Address.String())
 }

 // list out the range of ip6Addresses
 for key, ip6Address := range ip6Addresses {
 fmt.Printf("[%v] %s\n", key, ip6Address)
 }

 //test for IP version 6 address for membership

 // WRONG WAY!!
 fmt.Println("Contains 12:3456:78:90ab:cd:ef01:23:33 : ", ipNet.Contains([]byte("12:3456:78:90ab:cd:ef01:23:33")))

 // CORRECT / PROPER WAY!
 fmt.Println("Contains 12:3456:78:90ab:cd:ef01:23:33 : ", ipNet.Contains(net.ParseIP("12:3456:78:90ab:cd:ef01:23:33")))

 }

 func inc(ip net.IP) {
 for j := len(ip) - 1; j >= 0; j-- {
 ip[j]++
 if ip[j] > 0 {
 break
 }
 }
 }

Happy coding!

References:

https://golang.org/pkg/net/#ParseIP

https://golang.org/pkg/net/#IPNet.Contains

http://play.golang.org/p/m8TNTtygK0

  See also : Golang : Check if IP address is version 4 or 6



Tags : golang CIDR ip-address contains parse-ip

By Adam Ng

IF you gain some knowledge or the information here solved your programming problem. Please consider donating to the less fortunate or some charities that you like. Apart from donation, planting trees, volunteering or reducing your carbon footprint will be great too.


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