Golang : Find relative luminance or color brightness



Tags : golang luminance brightness RGBA color-code

Problem:

You need to find the relative luminance (brightness or perceived brightness) of a color to another color. You also want to check if the luminance of a color is compatible with another color. How to do that?

Solution:

We will use the formula taken from https://www.w3.org/TR/AERT#color-contrast

Color brightness is determined by the following formula:

((Red value X 299) + (Green value X 587) + (Blue value X 114)) / 1000

to calculate the luminance or brightness of a color. You can change the formula for your own need.

Here you go!


 package main

 import (
  "fmt"
  "image/color"
  "math"
  "os"
  "strconv"
 )

 // find out if the two colors are the same
 func SameColor(color1, color2 color.RGBA) bool {
  red1, green1, blue1, alpha1 := color1.RGBA()
  red2, green2, blue2, alpha2 := color2.RGBA()

  return red1 == red2 && green1 == green2 && blue1 == blue2 && alpha1 == alpha2
 }

 // find luminance of a given color - ignoring alpha
 func Luminance(aColor color.RGBA) float64 {

  // because of
  // http://stackoverflow.com/questions/35374300/why-does-golang-rgba-rgba-method-use-and
  // we cannot use .RGBA() values. It will screw up the final luminance result
  // red, green, blue, _ := aColor.RGBA()

  //fmt.Println("red : ", red)
  //fmt.Println("green : ", green)
  //fmt.Println("blue : ", blue)

  // instead, we will use the colors value from 0..255 for calculation purpose
  red := aColor.R
  green := aColor.G
  blue := aColor.B

  // need to convert uint32 to float64
  return float64(float64(0.299)*float64(red) + float64(0.587)*float64(green) + float64(0.114)*float64(blue))
 }

 // the diff is big enough?
 func Compatible(color1, color2 color.RGBA) bool {
  return math.Abs(Luminance(color1)-Luminance(color2)) >= 128.0
 }

 func SaneColorCheck(arg string) int {
  colorCode, err := strconv.Atoi(arg)
  if err != nil {
 fmt.Println("Input arguments must be integer from 0..255")
 os.Exit(-1)
  }

  if (colorCode > 255) || (colorCode < 0) {
 fmt.Println("Invalid color code : ", colorCode)
 fmt.Println("Color values must be in range of 0..255")
 os.Exit(-1)
  }
  return colorCode
 }

 func main() {
  if len(os.Args) != 9 {
 fmt.Printf("Usage : %s <red1> <green1> <blue1> <alpha1> <red2> <green2> <blue2> <alpha1> \n", os.Args[0])
 os.Exit(0)
  }

  //sanity checks
  red1 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[1]))
  green1 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[2]))
  blue1 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[3]))
  alpha1 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[4]))
  red2 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[5]))
  green2 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[6]))
  blue2 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[7]))
  alpha2 := uint8(SaneColorCheck(os.Args[8]))

  fmt.Println("Red 1 : ", red1)
  fmt.Println("Green 1 : ", green1)
  fmt.Println("Blue 1 : ", blue1)
  fmt.Println("Alpha 1 : ", alpha1)

  fmt.Println("Red 2 : ", red2)
  fmt.Println("Green 2 : ", green2)
  fmt.Println("Blue 2 : ", blue2)
  fmt.Println("Alpha 2 : ", alpha2)

  // create new colors from given arguments/command line parameters
  color1 := color.RGBA{red1, green1, blue1, alpha1}
  color2 := color.RGBA{red2, green2, blue2, alpha2}

  fmt.Println("Color 1 = ", color1)
  fmt.Println("Color 2 = ", color2)
  fmt.Println("Color 1 same as Color 2 ? : ", SameColor(color1, color2))
  fmt.Println("Luminance of color 1 = ", Luminance(color1))
  fmt.Println("Luminance of color 2 = ", Luminance(color2))
  fmt.Println("Is color 1 and color 2 compatible? : ", Compatible(color1, color2))

 }

References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Relative_luminance

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/596216/formula-to-determine-brightness-of-rgb-color

https://socketloop.com/tutorials/golang-create-new-color-from-command-line-parameters

https://www.w3.org/TR/AERT#color-contrast



Tags : golang luminance brightness RGBA color-code

By Adam Ng

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